Wednesday, February 28, 2018



Annual celebration on the 1st of March to mark the entry into force of the Constitution of the ICDO as an intergovernmental organisation in 1972. The aim is to focus p u b l i c a t t e n t i o n o n t h e importance of civil defence, civil protection and emergency services in the face of natural and man-made disasters.

Message of Dr. Vladimir Kuvshinov, ICDO Secretary-General, on the occasion of the World Civil Defence Day 2018.
“Civil Defence and the national institutions for more efficient disaster management”
Dear friends and colleagues,
The 1st of March is a very important day for all members of the world’s many national civil defence and civil protection corps. In 1990, the International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO) designated the 1st of March  as World Civil Defence Day and it has been celebrated annually by a growing number of countries ever since.
The purpose of the World Civil Defence Day celebration is to promote public awareness about civil defence, civil protection and emergency management in order to better prepare the civilian population to protect itself in the event of emergency and to reduce the risk of disaster. The celebrations have a different focus each year, and the theme for 2018 is “Civil defence and the national institutions for more efficient disaster management”.
Today, given the challenging conditions of modern life, there is general agreement among all countries that disaster protection and national security are inseparably linked and that the provision of protection against natural and man-made disasters must remain a top priority in national policy to ensure the welfare and security of their people and territories. A crucial part of this policy must be to establish appropriate national legal provisions aimed at limiting disaster risks, preserving lives and reducing material losses.
International experience has shown that the best way to increase the effectiveness of disaster and emergency management is through the creation of a National Disaster Management System in each country to coordinate the activities of the local, regional and national authorities and agencies charged with prevention, mitigation and recovery.
A modern National Disaster Management System must be able to accomplish many challenging tasks: the development of legal and regulatory norms; public preparedness; event forecasting; assessment of the scale of emergency situations and the socio-economic consequences; disaster mitigation and recovery. Another central role is the development of international cooperation in the field of protection of the population and territories.
To achieve these important and complex tasks, each country should aim at creating a National Disaster Management Center to coordinate the activities of the government agencies and national and municipal services within its National Disaster Management System. Many ICDO Member States already have a National Disaster Management System in place, as well as a National Disaster Management Center, and they are functioning well. Others are currently in the process of establishing or planning their national structures.
Today, with the support of its Member States, the ICDO is making an important contribution to this work on a global scale with the creation of the World Network of Disaster Management Centers. This network will facilitate the exchange of information on evolving disaster risks and emergency situations and coordination of timely action to control or eliminate them.
The ICDO has always done its utmost to assist Member States in their efforts to create modern national civil defence structures, as well as to improve their effectiveness, to train qualified personnel and to educate civil society on the measures to take in the event of disaster. In the years to come, we will continue to rely on the broad support of Member States to achieve success in these key areas.
The increasing challenges and threats caused by climate change will undoubtedly continue to create serious obstacles for stable social and economic development throughout the 21st century. Therefore, it is the duty of all countries to take serious steps to strengthen their civil defence/civil protection structures and to improve the skills of their specialized personnel. Maintenance of a strong and effective National Disaster Management System should be seen as an integral component of national security policy and a valuable support for sustainable development at the national, regional and international levels.
Today, on the 1st of March 2018, as we celebrate World Civil Defence Day, we are not only making plans for the future; we are also remembering the victims of duty – the civil defence and civil protection personnel, firefighters and rescuers whose actions provide an enduring example of courage, patriotism and selfless service to their cause.
I would also like to thank all civil defence personnel, firefighters and rescuers worldwide for the work that you are doing to ensure the safety of the population of your countries. Thank you for your dedication and devotion to duty!

2018 Civil Defence and the national institutions for more efficient disaster management
2017 Together with civil defence against disasters
2016 Civil defence and the new information technologies
2015 Civil defence and disaster reduction within the sustainable development
2014 Civil defence and the culture of prevention for a safer society
2013 Civil defence and preparation of civil societies for disaster risk prevention
2012 Civil defence and domestic accidents
2011 Women’s role in civil defence
2010 Disaster medicine
2009 Preventive information and techniques of communication
2008 Civil defence and the basic first aid techniques
2007 Civil defence and safety in the workplace
2006 Civil defence at school
2005 Civil defence and the protection of the environment
2004 Civil defence and road safety
2003 Civil defence: A tool for international solidarity in the face of disasters
2002 Basic elements of civil defence
2001 Voluntary service and civil defence
2000 Civil defence, a tool for sustainable development
1999 Civil protection in schools at the dawn of the 21st century
1998 Civil Protection: A right and duty for all
1997 The role of civil protection services in international humanitarian law
1996 Analysing the risks to better prevent disasters
1995 Civil protection: safeguarding life, patrimony and the environment
1994 Civil protection and security at home
1993 Civil protection: at the service of the environment
1992 The role of civil defence services in disaster prevention
1991 Civil protection and the ICDO

Named the slogan under which will host the world day of civil defense

«The theme of 2018 — «the Task of civil defence and national structures to improve the efficiency of disaster», — the message says Kuvshinova, posted on the organization’s website.
According to the Secretary General of ICDO, the purpose of the world day of civil defence – to promote the dissemination of knowledge about the means and methods of protection, and also improve the willingness of the population to defend itself in the event of disasters and accidents. Every year this event attracts more and more attention worldwide, more and more countries are celebrating it, trying to raise the level of training of the population and thereby reduce the risk of accidents and disasters, said Jugs.
«For the successful solution of all these important and challenging task every state should strive to create a National centre to combat catastrophes, which will be the main coordinating body for the prevention, monitoring and disaster response», — stated in the message of the Secretary General.
World day of civil defense was established by decision of the General Assembly of ICDO in 1990 in order to attract public attention to the important tasks performed by the national service of civil protection and defense — to save lives and the environment. Date of the holiday the day of entry into force (1 March 1972) of the Statute of the International civil defence organization, the adoption of which gave MY the status of an intergovernmental organization. In December 2015 DIRECT received observer status at the United Nations, which opens up new opportunities for the organization’s work, including in the field of training of specialists and the population to emergency situations of different nature and level.
ICDO is the only intergovernmental organization that specializiruetsya in the field of civil defense and population protection at the international level. It is composed of 58 countries (including Russia) as full members and 16 observer countries. In 2014, the Secretary-General of ICDO elected Russian Vladimir Kuvshinov.

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